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Introduction                                                                                            

The history of the irrigation in our country is old as the heritage of the nation. The irrigation system is a predominant factor in agricultural country and plays an important role in the life style of the people.

The irrigation schemes consist of both tanks and anicuts. The country has number of irrigation schemes with having a command area more than 80ha which is managed by the irrigation department under the supervision of central government. Over 15,000 tank and 15,000 anicuts with having a command area of up to 80ha are spread all over the country which are knows as miner irrigation schemes. These are managed by the relevant provincial irrigation departments under the provincial councils. Furthermore numbers of irrigation schemes are manage by the Agrarian Service Department, Forest Department and Wild Life Department act.

There are 18 major irrigation schemes and 63 medium irrigation schemes in the north central province, which are managed by the irrigation department under the central government. Within the north central province 3221 provincial irrigation schemes are being managed by the provincial irrigation department, which is established under the extra ordinary gazette no 1677/31 on 29th 10 2010.

Numbers of irrigation tanks are managed by other agencies such as agrarian development department, Mahaweli authority, wild life department and act, but they are unable to undertake maintenance and development work due to lack of funds. Therefore development and maintenance of such tanks also have to be done by the provincial irrigation department.

Divisions                                                                                                           

There are three divisions under the provincial irrigation department, north central province for the administrative purposes of 3221 provincial irrigation schemes. The area covered and number of tanks belongs to each divisions are shown in following table.

 

District

Division

DS division

No of Tank

Anuradhapura

1

Kahatagasdigiliya, Kebithigollewa, Padaviya, Medhawachchiya, Rambewa, NPE, Nachchaduwa, Mihinthale, Horowpathana

1431

2

Mahawillachchiya, Talawa, Thambuthegama, Rajanganaya, Galnewa, Palagala, Ippalogama, MNC, Nochchiyagama

861

3

Thirappane, Kekirawa, Palugaswewa, Galenbindunuwewa

694

Polonnaruwa

3

Welikanda, Dimbulagala, Thamankaduwa, Lankapura, Elahera, Hingurakgoda, Medirigiriya

235

Total

3221

Table no: 01 – No of tanks belong to department

 

Allocated fund for Provincial irrigations                                             

Number of irrigation tanks Rehabilitated, developed and maintain are depend on the funds allocated to the provincial irrigation department. The details of the funds receive to the provincial irrigation department are shown in the following table. These annual allocation is insufficient to rehabilitate and maintain 3221 provicial irrigation tanks in the north central province.

By considering the present rate, the average cost for the rehabilitation of one tank is 6 million and maintenance of one tank is 2 million. The average annual allocation is sufficient to rehabilitate 25 tanks and maintain 15 tanks only.

 

Year

Development

Maintenance

2009

70

20

2010

185

50

2011

151.7

50

2012

161

75

2013

110

75

2014

185

90

Total

862.70

360

 Table no: 02 – Provincial council allocation

 

Foreign fund received for irrigation development                    

73 number of provincial irrigation schemes are rehabilitated during the last couple of years under the two special foreign funded projects. The Conflict Affected Regional Emergency Project has conducted with the aid of Asian Development Bank to rehabilitate 39 provincial irrigation schemes in north central province. Under the Emergency Natural Disaster Rehabilitation Project 34 provincial irrigation schemes are rehabilitated with financial assistance of JICA within the north central province. The details of these projects are shown on following table.

 

No

Project

No of tank

Allocation

Progress

1

Conflict Affected Regional Emergency Project

39

296

100%

2

Emergency Natural Disaster Rehabilitation

34

310

100%

Total

73

606

100%

Table no: 03 – Foreign fund project

 

In previous section show that, the allocation granted for maintain work is very low compared to the no of provincial irrigation schemes in north central province. As a result of this well develops minor irrigation tanks are gradually dilapidated from year to year and finally it needs full rehabilitation again at a high cost. So it is importance to allocate adequate fund for the maintenance work of provincial irrigation schemes in north central province.